The collective agreement is a result of collective bargaining. It regulates relations between an employer and employees or an employer and trade unions.
The collective agreement of higher degree is concluded for a higher number of employers; between the union of employers and trade unions.
Collective agreements of higher degree are concluded for sectors at the national or regional level.
According to Art. 3 par. 1 of the Directive 957/2018 / EU, Member States shall ensure, irrespective of which law applies to the employment relationship, that undertakings guarantee, on the basis of equality of treatment, workers who are posted to their territory the terms and conditions of employment covering the following matters which are laid down in the Member State where the work is carried out:
- by law, regulation or administrative provision, and/or
- by collective agreements or arbitration awards which have been declared universally applicable or otherwise apply in accordance with paragraph 8.
In the case of posted workers, only the components of remuneration that are compulsorily applicable to all workers in a given geographical area or industry are considered as remuneration. Mandatory applicable are considered components of which are national law or collective agreements declared universally applicable or otherwise apply to all local workers in the geographical area or sector concerned. Pursuant to Art. 3 par. 8 of Directive 96/71/ ES, Collective agreements or arbitration awards which have been declared universally applicable’ means collective agreements or arbitration awards which must be observed by all undertakings in the geographical area and in the profession or industry concerned. The following representative collective agreements, including their supplements, shall apply to posted workers:
List of valid collective agreements of higher degree applicable to each sector – available only in the Slovak language.