Health safety and hygiene at work

Occupational health and safety is the status of working conditions which eliminate or minimise the effects of dangerous and harmful agents in the working process and working environment on the health of an employee. Labour protection is an integral part of labour-law relations. Labour Law refers to special provisions in the field of occupational health and safety, which regulate in detail obligations of employers and employees in the area of occupational health and safety.

Basic obligations of employers in terms of special provisions:

– improve working conditions and adapt them to his/her employees, taking into consideration the state of scientific and technological knowledge,
– detect dangers and hazards, assess risks and draw up a written document on risk assessment in all activities performed by the employees,

– replace strenuous and monotonous work and work performed in difficult and health damaging or harmful working conditions by suitable working equipment, working procedures, manufacturing procedures and improved work organisation,

– determine safe working procedures,

– draw up in writing, regularly assess and and, when necessary, update the concept of an occupational safety and health protection policy containing the basic aims to be achieved in the field of occupational safety and health protection, along with an implementation programme of that concept containing, in particular, the procedure, equipment and methods of its implementation and to regularly evaluate and update the aims when necessary; this shall not apply to employer who employ less than 11 employees,

– draw up and, when necessary, update his/her own list of works and workplaces that are

1. prohibited to pregnant women, mothers until the end of the ninth month after delivery and breastfeeding women,

2. connected with specified risks to pregnant women, mothers until the end of the ninth month after delivery and breastfeeding women,

3. prohibited to young employees,

– assign employees to jobs respecting their health condition, especially the result of their work health capacity assessment, ability, age, qualification and technical expertise pursuant to legal regulations and other occupational health and safety regulations and avoid their assignment to work disrespecting their health condition, especially the result of their work health capacity assessment, ability, age, qualification and technical expertise pursuant to legal regulations and other occupational health and safety regulations,

– provide rest periods to employees for reasons of occupational safety and health protection,

– not use a remuneration system that would, in the case of increased work performance, result in a threat to the safety or health of employees, in the case of employees who are exposed to a higher accident occurrence rate or other health damage,

– draw up a list of personal protective equipment, provided on the basis of the risk assessment and evaluation of dangers arising from the working procedure and the working environment, provide and maintain it free of charge,

– issue prohibition of smoking at workplaces where work is also performed by non-smokers, and ensure the enforcement of this prohibition, as well as the prohibition against smoking at workplaces,

– take care of the safety and health protection of all persons who, to his/her knowledge, are present at his/her workplaces or his/her premises,

– systematically check and demand observance over legal regulations and other occupational health and safety regulations, principles of safe work, health protection, safe conduct at workplace and safe working procedures,

– regularly, understandably and provably notify each employee

1. of legal regulations and other regulations applying to the ensuring of occupational safety and health protection10, of principles of safe work, health protection at work, safe conduct at the workplace and safe working procedures, and verify the employee’s knowledge thereof,

2. of existing and predictable dangers and hazards whose impacts may cause a health threat and the protection against them,

3. of the prohibition to enter the premises and dwell in the premises and to perform activities posing a potentially immediate threat to the life or health of an employee.